2020/06/17

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NO OOPS | b VS mi? Whats the difference?


Today we would like to discuss the the difference between b and mi, which both means no; not in English.

Join us and lets make your Chinese perfect!

Firstlets check the sentences as follows:

  + V / adj: 

T b q Shng hi. T  b  shu.

verbadj

 +  V / adj

T mi q Shng hi . T mi shu .

verb   adj

First and are both adverbwhichcan be followed by verb or adjectives.


Part 1/+ Verb/Adj.


is mainly negate objective facts, which is often used in the past and present tense.

For instance:

W zutin mi li xuxio

in the past

I didnt come to school yesterday.


Zhge dinno mi hui.

(in the present)

This cell phone is not broken.

For example:

W zutin b shf, suy w qngji le.

In the past

I didnt feel well yesterday, so I asked for leave.


W xin zi b  .

in the present

Im not hungry now.


W mng tin b q  xu xio.

(in the future)

I wont go to school tomorrow.


also used to negate an habitual action. for example:

T  zh ch  shci b ch ru.

He only eat vegetables, and  does not eat meat.


T b chuyn b hji.

He doesnt smoke or drink.

Exercise I

Please use / to complete the sentences.


1. W zutin (  ) q gngs, ynwi w shngbng le

   


2. W xinzi (   ) k (thirsty), (   )h shu

    thirsty     


3. T gos w t (    ) h kfi, zh(only) hshu

    (only)



Part 2 /+verb

/ can be followed by modal verbs or mental verbs, but

only goes with a limited number of modal verbs and mental verbs, for example:

+ nng / gn /xing.... its always  in the past events.

W mi nng bng t.

I couldnt help him.


W mi xing bng t.

I didn't want to help him.


can be followed by all modal verbs and mental verbs.

T b hu kich.

He cant drive.


W b xhuan kndinsh

I dont like watching TV.  


W jntin b xing ch jiozi.

I dont want to eat dumplings today.


N  b  ynggi  h ti du.

You shouldnt drink too much.


Tips:

modal verbs:

nngk yhuk nngyoyng gi .....

mental verbs:

x huani hnxinghi p......

Exercise

1. W jntin (  )xing zi ji chfnw xing chq ch.


2. N (  )yo h kfi le, du h shu ba

 


3. W (  )nng bng t, w jude dubuq t.

 



Part 3

To negate the verb yuyou can only use mi asmi yu

W  yu gge --w miyu gge.

-- 


To negate the verb sh you can only use b asb sh

W sh losh -- w bsh losh.

--



Part 4/ +Adj./Noun

only can be followed by a few adjectives, and negate the change of a situation.

T de bng himi ho.

She is not well yet.


Hoji b jin, n mipng y mishu, h yqin yyng.

,

Long time no see, you look the same as before. ( neither gain or lose weight.)


But.......

can be followed by most adjectives  to negate the state of somebody or something. For example:

T de ddi b go

His younger brother is not tall.


Zhjin yfu b hokn

This cloth is not quite nice.

+Nounnever

Exercise

1. W mngtin (   ) shjin q chosh.

 


2. W (   ) tng yshng de hu, h hn sho shu, suy w de bng hi (   )ho.

 


3. W (   ) sh  xushng, w sh losh.

  


4. T de bba mma (    )go, suy t h t jijie y (   )go

      


In conclusion

Please feel welcome to post your answer or your own sentences in our comments.


See you next time!

 E N D -


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